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Building & Documentation              History & Culture      

Arima, Eugene. A Contextual Study of the Caribou Eskimo Kayak. Ottawa: National Museum of Man Mercury Series, Ethnology Service Paper 25.

——. Contributions to Kayak Studies. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Civilization Mercury Series, Canadian Ethnology Service Paper 122.

——. Inuit Kayaks in Canada: A Review of Historical Records and Construction. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Civilization Mercury Series, Canadian Ethnology Service Paper 110.

Ellis, Richard. Men and Whales. New York: Lyons Press, 1999.

Fleming, Fergus. Ninety Degrees North: The Quest for the North Pole. New York: Grove Press, 2001.

Gad, Finn. The History of Greenland, vol. II: 1700–1782. Montreal, McGill-Queen’s University Press. 1973.

———. The History of Greenland, vol. III: 1782–1808. Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1982.

———. The History of Greenland, vol. I: Earliest Times to 1700. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1971.

Damas, David, ed. Arctic: Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 5. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1984.

Ehrlich, Gretel. This Cold Heaven: Seven Seasons in Greenland. New York: Vintage Books, 2001.

Freuchen, Peter. Arctic Adventure: My Life in the Frozen North. Guilford Conn.: Lyons Press, 2002.

Gillies, Ross. J. Arctic Whalers, Icy Seas: Narratives of the Davis Strait Whale Fishery. Toronoto: Irwin Publishing, 1985.

Gubser, Nicholas J. The Nunamiut Eskimos: Hunters of Caribou. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965.

Hornell, James. Water Transport: Origins and Early Evolution. Cambridge, U.K.: University Press, 1946.

Jennings, John, et al. The Canoe: A Living Tradition. Toronto: Firefly Books, Ltd., 2002.

Jensen, P. Scavenius. The Greenland Kayak and Its Implements. Translated by G. A. W. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, 1982.

Longyard, William H. A Speck on the Sea: Epic Voyages in the Most Improbable Vessels. International Marine/McGraw Hill, 2003.

Mary-Rousselière, Guy. Qitdlarssuaq: The Story of a Polar Migration. Winnipeg: Wuertz Publishing, Ltd., 1991.

Maurice, Edward Beauclerk. The Last Gentleman Adventurer: Coming of Age in the Arctic. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2005.

Nansen, Fridtjof. Eskimo Life. London and New York: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1893.

———. Farthest North: The Incredible Three-Year Voyage to the Frozen Latitudes of the North [Abridged], ed. John Krakauer. Modern Library Explorations, 1999.

———. In Northern Mists: Arctic Exploration in Early Times. New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1911.

———. The First Crossing of Greenland. London and New York: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1895

Nelson, Richard K. Hunters of the Northern Ice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969.

———. Shadow of the Hunter: Stories of Eskimo Life. University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Niven, Jennifer. The Ice Master: The Doomed 1913 Voyage of the Karluk. London: Pan Books, 2001.

Oswalt, Wendell. Eskimos and Explorers. Novato, Calif.: Chandler and Sharp, Inc., 1979.

Qunerseeq, Rosing. Inuit: My Photographs, Pictures from Greenland 1959–92. Forlaget Atugkat, 2005.

Rasmussen, Knud. Across Arctic America: Narrative of the Fifth Thule Expedition (Classic Reprint Series) (Paperback). University of Alaska Press, 1999.

Ray, Dorthy Jean. Aleut and Eskimo Art: Tradition and Innovation in South Alaska. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Robert-Lamblin, Joëlle, “Le kayak aléoute vu par son constructeur et utilisateur et la chasse à la loutre de mer,” Objects et Mondes 20, no. 1 (1980):15. English translation available online: “The Aleut Kayak As Seen by Its Builder and User and the Sea Otter Hunt,”

Scherman, Katherine. Spring on an Arctic Island. Boston: Little Brown and Company, 1956.

Victor, Paul-Emile, and Joelle Robert-Lamblin. La Civilisation du Phoque.2 vols. Volume 1: Jeux, Gestes et Techniques des Eskimo D’Ammassalik. Paris: Armand Colin – Raymond Chabaud 1989. Volume 2: Legendes, Rites et Croyances des Eskimo D’Ammassalik. Bayonne: Raymond Chabaud, 1993.

Victor, Paul-Emile. My Eskimo Life. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1938.

Walsøe, Per. Goodbye Thule: The Compulsory Relocation in 1953. Tiderne Skifter, 2003.


Team Qajaq USA


Qajaq USA is the American Chapter of Qaannat Kattuffiat - the Greenland Kayak Association. We have members world-wide. Qajaq USA is one of only three affiliated "Qajaq" clubs outside of Greenland. Most "Qajaq" clubs are scattered among the small villages of Greenland and are a major impetus in keeping the local kayaking traditions alive. Meet the team »

Our Mission:

  • Qajaq USA is a nonprofit membership organization that is officially recognized by Qaannat Kattuffiat (The Greenland Kayaking Association).
  • Qajaq USA is committed to supporting Qaannat Kattuffiat and their efforts to preserve, study and promote the traditions and techniques of Greenland kayaking while seeking to further the appreciation and development of Greenland-style kayaking in the United States.

Find out more about us»